Ilha de Mozambique - Area Information
Ilha de Mozambique, Ilha de Mozambique, Mozambique
ILHA DE MOÇAMBIQUE (Island of Mozambique) is small, beautiful, coral island located in the north of Mozambique on the Indian Ocean. Until 1898 the island's fortified town served as the capital of Portuguese East Africa.
The island and its natural harbour were used by Arab merchants as a maritime trading centre from the 10th to the late 15th century. The Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama, who landed on the island in 1498, claimed it for Portugal.
The exceptional mixture of the architecture on the island shows diverse Arab, Indian, and Portuguese influences. The island's attractions include the Chappel of Nossa Senhora de Baluarte, build in 1522 and is considered as the oldest European building in the southern hemisphere. The Island of Mozambique was designated a World Heritage site in 1991.